Stillness in Locomotion and Self-dissolution of Metropolitans in Bowen's To the North
Keywords:Elizabeth Bowen, To the North, stillness, locomotion, self-dissolution
This article is to justify that modern metropolitans suffer from the dissolution of identities and a loss of loving ability to be a modern man of complete personality. Motion and stillness, life and death coexist within the same urban space of metropolitans. And the stillness in urban life space is both the cause and effect to accelerate the process of self-dissolution of metropolitans. The identities and autonomy of Bowen’s city dwellers are formed and destroyed in the process of moving. Bowen represents the metropolitans’ predicaments of self-dissolution during interwar London by setting them in a depressing space of constant travels and emotional stillness in locomotion. The crazy mobility brings the destructive outcome to make its subjects into the absolute stillness and self-dissolution of the subjects, which is also a common living state of modern city dwellers. This article tries to bring an awareness as well as to show a sympathetic feeling towards those predicated modern man.
Bennett, Andrew and Royle. (1995). Nicholas. Elizabeth Bowen and the dissolution of the novel: still lives. London: Macmillan Press.
Bowen, Elizabeth. (2006). To the North. New York: Anchor Books.
Bowen, Elizabeth. (1962).Seven Winters and Afterthoughts. New York: Alfred. A. Knopf.
Bowen, Elizabeth. (1986). The Mulberry Tree: Writings of Elizabeth Bowen. Ed. Hermione Lee. London: Virago.
Bowen, Elizabeth. (1984). Bowen’s Court and Seven Winters: Memories of a Dublin Childhood. London: Virago.
Bowen, Elizabeth. (2008).People, Places, Things. Edinburg: Edinburg University Press.
Crang, Mike. (1998). Cultural Geography. London &New Yok: Routledge.
Foucault, Michel. (1986). “Of Other Spaces.” Trans. Jay Miskowiec. Diacritics. 16.1, 22-27.
Gill, Richard. (1987). “The Country House in a Time of Troubles.” Elizabeth Bowen. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 51-62.
Lytovka, Olena. (2012). “The Uncanny House in Elizabeth Bowen’s Fiction.” Leitura Flutuante. No. 4, 85-97.
Natsumi, Amano. (2003). “Memory and the House in the Fiction of Elizabeth Bowen.” Reading. 24, 206-215.
Simmel, Georg. (1950). “The Metropolis and Mental Life.” The Sociology of Georg Simmel. Trans. Kurt H. Wolff. Ed. Richard Sennett. Glencoe, Illinois: Free Press, 47-60.
Strauch, Hilary. (2012). “Carriages and Mobility in Jane Austen’s Novels.” Senior Capstone Projects, 116.
Urry, John. (2000). Sociology Beyond Societies: Mobilities for the Twenty-first Century. London: Routledge.
Urry, John. (2004). “Connections.” Environment & Planning D: Society & Space. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc..
Wolfreys, Julian. (2008). “The Urban Uncanny: the City, the Subject, and Ghostly Modernity.” Uncanny Modernity: Cultural Theories, Modern Anxieties. Ed. Jo Collins and John Jervis. Basingstoke and New York: Palfrave Macmillan, 168-80.
Wolfreys, Julian. (1998). Writing London: the Trace of the Urban Text from Blake to Dickens. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.